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There is general recognition that contiguous zones give jurisdiction beyond the territorial sea for special purposes. 82 Inthe sole article on the contiguous zone was GCTS Article 24 which referred to control by the coastal state ‘in a zone of the high seas contiguous to its territorial sea’.
UNCLOS Article 33 describes it simply as. An EEZ is a sea zone over which a state has special rights regarding the exploration and use of marine resources, including energy production from water and wind. Generally, a state’s EEZ is an area beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea, extending seaward to a distance of no more than nm (about km) out from its coastal baseline.
- territorial sea claims greater than 12 miles; 3 - other claims to jurisdiction over maritime areas in excess of 12 miles, such as security zones, that purport to restrict non -resource related high seas freedoms; - contiguous zone claims at variance with Article 33 of the LOS Convention.
"Brazil's Law Concerning the Territorial Sea, Contiguous Zone, Exclusive Economic Zone, Continental Shelf and Other Matters-Reconverting to Legitimacy" published on 01 Jan by Brill | Cited by: 1. Most of the proposals at the conference included some form of compromise between a territorial sea and a contiguous fishery zone.
Breadth of the territorial sea 5–6 Art. 3 Trümpler 37 Reemers Publishing Services GmbH O:/Beck/Proells/3d/PART II.3d from 3B2 ; Page size: mm mm entitled to a territorial sea.
Now in a third, revised edition, Excessive Maritime Claims by J. Ashley Roach and Robert W. Smith is designed for law of the sea and maritime law specialists. The book draws on published governmental material in the public domain, specifically the U.S., and addresses recent progress in maritime security, proliferation of weapons of mass destruction by sea, piracy, and protection of.
The concept of contiguous zone (Lowe, p. ) was virtually formulated as an authoritative and consistent doctrine in the s by the French writer Gidel, and it appeared in the Convention on the Territorial Sea.
Contiguous zone is that part of the sea which is beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea of the coastal state.
The exclusive economic zone of New Zealand comprises those areas of the sea, seabed, and subsoil that are beyond and adjacent to the territorial sea of New Zealand, having as their outer limits a line measured seaward from the baseline described in sections 5 and 6 and 6A, every point of which line is distant nautical miles from the nearest.
Within the contiguous zone, a State has the right to both prevent and punish infringement of fiscal, immigration, sanitary, and customs laws within its territory and territorial sea. Unlike the territorial sea, the contiguous zone only gives jurisdiction to a State on the ocean’s surface and floor.
3 It does not provide air and space rights. Oct 6, H.R. (th). A bill to establish a mile territorial sea and a mile contiguous zone, to establish the National Oceans Policy Commission, and for other purposes.
Description New Statement on Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone. PDF
Ina database of bills in the U.S. Congress. Artificial islands are not entitled to a territorial sea, contiguous zone, Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) or continental shelf. Nevertheless it remains possible that the underlying maritime features can be classified as Article (1) islands if they meet all of the applicable criteria and are not properly classified as rocks or LTEs.
An exhaustive collection of documents on the subject is provided by the recent U.N. publication: National Legis- lation and Treaties Relating to the Territorial Sea, the Contiguous Zone, the Conti- nental Shelf, the High Seas and to Fishing and Conservation of Living Resources of the Sea.
U.N. Legislative Series, ST/LEG./SER. B/ Pursuant to statement issued by the Government of Vietnam on 12 Mayon the territorial sea, the contiguous zone, the exclusive economic zone (EEZ) and the continental shelf of Vietnam, and according to the provisions of the LOS Convention, the EEZ of Vietnam extends principally up to NM from the baseline, and the area of EEZ amounts to about one million square km including the Hoang.
Zones. The zones of maritime boundaries are expressed in concentric limits surrounding coastal and feature baselines. Inland waters—the zone inside the baseline. Territorial sea—the zone extending 12 nm. from the baseline.
Contiguous zone—the area extending 24 nm. from the baseline. The Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone § Concept of territorial sea § The normal territorial sea baseline § The mouths of rivers § Islands and islets § Reefs and atolls § Low-tide elevations § Ports, harbours and roadsteads and the baseline § Straight baselines § Lighthouses outside the.
contents. preamble. part i. introduction. article 1. use of terms and scope; part ii. territorial sea and contiguous zone. section 1. general provisions. a variety of situations exist, but in general, most countries make the following claims measured from the mean low-tide baseline as described in the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea: territorial sea - 12 nm, contiguous zone - 24 nm, and exclusive economic zone - nm; additional zones provide for exploitation of continental shelf resources and an exclusive fishing zone; boundary.
would affect the measurement of the 12 mile territorial sea as there are other features seaward of the possible closing line. In this particular area (specifically, the territorial sea drawn from baseline segment ) approximately 20 square nautical miles ( sq.
kilometers) of territorial sea is claimed that should remain high seas. It has already been mentioned that, form baseline to 12 nautical miles is territorial sea.
(Article: 3 of convention). Form base line to 24 nautical miles is contiguous zone; on in other words, form territorial sea to 12 nautical miles is contiguous zone. (Article 33(2) of convention). The term territorial waters is sometimes used informally to refer to any area of water over which a state has jurisdiction, including internal waters, the territorial sea, the contiguous zone, the exclusive economic zone and potentially the continental a narrower sense, the term is used as a synonym for the territorial sea.
Fitzmaurice, Sir Gerald Some Results of the Geneva Conference on the Law of the Sea: Part I – The Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone and Related Topics 8 ICLQ Brown, E. The International Law of the Sea, Volume I Introductory Manual Aldershot, Dartmouth New directions in the Law of the Sea, Documents, Vol.
I, (Oceana: Dobbs Ferry, New York, ), pp. the territorial sea, the contiguous zone, conservation of the living resources of the high seas, and particularly, an internationally-accepted definition of the area beyond the limits of national jurisdiction.
43 Statement of S. Contiguous zone Beyond the 12 nautical mile limit there was a further 12 nautical miles or 24 nautical miles from the territorial sea baselines limit, the contiguous zone, in which a state could continue to enforce laws regarding activities such as smuggling or illegal immigration.
Law on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone of 25 February Declaration of the Government of the People's Republic of China on the baselines of the territorial sea, 15 May On the other hand, already the League of Nations considered the law of the territorial sea as appropriate for codification in the s.
Details New Statement on Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone. FB2
And the Geneva Convention on the Territorial Sea and the Contiguous Zone of was indeed a codification of most rules of international law on the territorial sea.
Norway is one of the last coastal states in Europe to extend its territorial sea to 12 nautical miles. On the other hand Norway is one of the first countries in Europe to establish a contiguous zone.
The right to establish a contiguous zone of up to 24 nautical miles (44, metres) from the baseline is found in Article 33 of the Law of the Sea.
The Contiguous Zone. A coastal state may carry out checks to ‘prevent infringements of its customs, fiscal, immigration or sanitary laws and regulations within its territory or territorial sea’ in an area of 24 n miles measured from its baselines, that is to say up to 12 n miles outside the external limit of its territorial.
In a white paper, Beijing stated that, “China has, based on Nanhai Zhudao [the “Four Sha”], internal waters, territorial sea, contiguous zone, exclusive economic zone and continental shelf.” Neither the white paper nor the Beacon’s report explain how China derives these maritime zones.
THE United Nation Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) of is a document, which has taken almost a decade for its completion. Unlike the past four UN Conventions on the Law of the Sea.
* Article Measurement of the breadth of the territorial sea, the contiguous zone, the exclusive economic zone and the continental shelf * Article Legal status of archipelagic waters, of the air space over archipelagic waters and of their bed and.
The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea has elements of all alternatives, but the main result is extended coastal state jurisdiction: • Extension of the territorial sea to max.
12 nautical miles. • • Extension of “contiguous zone” (for enforcement) to 24 nautical miles. • Exclusive Economic Zone (max.
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nautical miles).The issue of varying claims of territorial waters was raised in the UN in by Arvid Pardo of Malta, and in the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea convened in New York. In an attempt to reduce the possibility of groups of nation-states dominating the negotiations, the conference used a consensus process rather than majority vote.Table of contents.
1. The History and Sources of the International Law of the Sea 2. Coastal Waters 3. Territorial Sea and Contiguous Zone 4. The Exclusive Economic Zone 5. The Continental Shelf 6. The Deep Seabed 7. High Seas 8. Archipelagic States 9.
Landlocked and Geographically Disadvantaged States Navigational Rights and Freedoms International Straits and Archipelagic Navigation
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